Moderate Party (M)

Moderate Party (M). Despite the name, the Moderates are Sweden’s principal centre-right party. The party claims its ideology is a mixture of liberalism and conservatism. The party has historically tended to be the most pro-market party in Sweden. However, due to the strength of the Swedish model in the popular imagination the party still maintains a broad attachment to comparatively high welfare spending. The party tends to prefer marketising rather than cutting, therefore. For instance, Sweden is the one of the few countries in the world to implement Milton Friedman’s school vouchers scheme,…Read more

Coalition for Europe (CEU)

Coalition for Europe (CEU). The CEU is an electoral alliance of regionalist parties which forms for European elections. The alliance typically contains more centrist and centre-right regionalist parties and this year it contains: Convergence and Union (CiU), which is the dominant Catalan regionalist grouping. CiU has been the largest party in every election, in the Catalan autonomous parliament, since its formation. CiU is actually composed of two parties itself, Democratic Convergence of Catalonia (CDC), a broadly right-wing liberal party, and the Democratic Union of Catalonia (UDC), a Christian democratic party. The CiU has…Read more

People’s Party (PP)

People’s Party (PP, can also be translated as ‘Popular Party’). Spain’s currently ruling party is a centre-right catch-all party. The PP’s core came from the People’s Alliance, a party founded in 1976 by reformist Francoists which advocated a gradualist transition to democracy. The party was intended to become a mainstream conservative party, but the tinge of Franco led to it being a rather unpopular party, fourth largest, though the biggest on the right. It later became the principal opposition to the Socialists, and then began to suck up small centrist and centre-right forces…Read more

Slovenian National Party (SNS)

Slovenian National Party (SNS).  The SNS is Slovenia’s far-right and populist party. Like other far-right parties in former Communist Europe the party’s ideology is an odd combination of nationalism combined with sympathy for the former Yugoslavia (known in the Balkans as ‘Yugonostalgia’). The party’s leader, Zmago Jelincic Plemeniti served as an informant for the Yugoslav state security agency. The SNS particularly objects to immigration from other Balkan states, and has previously suggested sealing the border with Croatia. While the party is highly socially conservative it, oddly, dislikes the Catholic Church, Slovenia’s dominant religion.…Read more

New Slovenia (NSi) & Slovenian People’s Party (SLS)

New Slovenia (NSi) & Slovenian People’s Party (SLS). This year two of Slovenia’s smaller centre-right parties are running a joint list. The SLS is the older of the two parties. The party was formed as the first non-communist political organisation in the former Yugoslavia. The party originally adopted a populist, nationalist ideology, but eventually came to embrace a more moderate conservative and Christian democratic positioning. The party has an agrarian base and strongly promotes rural issues. The party later had the Slovene Christian Democrats merge into it, with Andrej Bajuk of the Christian…Read more

Slovenian Democratic Party (SDS)

Slovenian Democratic Party (SDS). The SDS is Slovenia’s main centre-right party. Originally a centre-left party, the party moved progressively rightwards under its leader Janez Jansa and received some support from the Catholic Church. The party is a fairly typical European conservative party. The party is broadly pro-market and socially conservative. Despite this the SDS has assumed several more liberal positions, however. The party introduced civil unions for same-sex couples in power, for instance. The party became the first party other than the LDS to win an election since 1992 in 2004. The SDS,…Read more


Most-Hid. Most-Hid’s name is composed of the Hungarian and Slovak words for ‘bridge’. The party emerged as a split from the Party of the Hungarian Coalition (as it was then). The SMK’s former leader, Bela Bugar, and several other prominent MPs left the party because of what they saw as its radical approach to Hungarian nationalism. Most-Hid was therefore supposed to be a party which sought to promote inter-ethnic cooperation. The party has become the predominant party amongst ethnic Hungarians, but around a third of its electorate appears to be ethnically Slovak and…Read more

Christian Democratic Movement (KDH)

Christian Democratic Movement (KDH). The KDH was originally Slovakia’s largest centre-right party and a key component in the opposition to the Meciar regime. The party led the Slovak Democratic Coalition to victory in 1998 but its leader, the new premier Mikulas Dzurinda, created the SDKU-DS. With the subsequent fall from grace of the SDKU-DS in recent years, the KDH is, once again, the largest centre-right party in a very fragmented field. Indeed the party could easily be overtaken from this position by losing just 0.5% of the vote. The KDH is a Christian…Read more

Party of the Hungarian Community (SMK)

Party of the Hungarian Community (SMK). Formerly known as the Party of the Hungarian Coalition, the SMK has historically tended to be the dominant party amongst Slovakia’s Hungarian community. The party tends to prioritise, as its name suggests, the needs of ethnic Hungarians first and foremost and otherwise has a fairly liberal-conservative ideology. The party suffered a damaging split in 2009 when the party’s former leader, Bela Bugar, walked out of the party and formed Most-Hid. Bugar accused the SMK of being too radical and nationalistic, and of serving to widen the divide…Read more

Democratic and Christian Union – Democratic Party (SDKU-KS)

Democratic and Christian Union – Democratic Party (SDKU-KS). The SDKU-DS has historically tended to be the largest of Slovakia’s centre-right parties. Created from the Slovak Democratic Coalition in 1998 it ruled until 2006 despite being the second largest party in parliament behind Vladimir Meciar’s Movement for a Democratic Slovakia. The SDKU-DS is a fairly typical Eastern European centre-right liberal-conservative party. It has tended to be a deeply reformist party, which prioritises privatisations, market reforms and balanced budgets to get Slovakia’s economy going. It views low taxes as a necessity, and created a 19%…Read more