Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People’s Party (KDU-CSL). The KDU-CSL is the result of a merger between two broadly similar parties which emerged in the post-communist era, hence the rather lengthy name.
The KDU-CSL is a fairly typical Christian Democratic party, though lacking the strength of its Western European cousins. A centrist, socially conservative party with an elderly, rural base, the KDU-CSL has often tried to act as a ‘kingmaker’ and has served in governments of both the left and right including as the smallest governing party in the current Social Democrat-led government.
The KDU-CSL has a stable base, generally winning between 6% and 10% of the vote.
The party has centre-left and a centre-right factions and a division between the two led to the formation of TOP 09. One of the party’s two MEPs, Jan Brezina, joined TOP 09 in 2012.
The division in its vote led to the party briefly falling below the threshold to enter parliament, leaving it on 4.4% and with no seats in 2010, but the party returned to parliament with 6.8% and 14 seats in 2013.
The KDU-CSL is a member of the European People’s Party. It has a 96.9% loyalty rate, slightly above average for a member of the group.