Janan Ganesh’s new briefing paper for Open Europe summarises his case as a “reluctant European” for staying in the EU. He is clearly also a reluctant democrat as he says (in the summary)
while the EU would ideally be more open and democratic, that will not necessarily serve [the UK’s] interests, and may indeed harm them
This goes to the heart of the future development of the EU. Will it stay a world of diplomatic deals, with plastic Metternichs negotiating over “interests”, or will it shift to something more open and democratic, the European level in a networked democracy?
No-one argues that we are close to a democratic European politics, but unless we make a decision to push towards it, the EU will become stuck in nation-state arm-wrestling – and will end up being swamped by the next wave of democratic reform.