Austria – the EU Parliamentary Elections.

Political Background Austria joined the EU in 1995. While a capitalist democracy during the Cold War Austria had been bordered by Hungary, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia, meaning the country maintained a strict policy of neutrality.  Austria quickly moved to join the EU after the fall of the Berlin wall and joined the Euro on its creation. […]

Alliance for the Future of Austria

Alliance for the Future of Austria (BZÖ). BZÖ were formed by the office-seeking wing of the FPÖ led by Jӧrg Haider in 2005. Haider’s new party struggled to compete against its more radical former party, failing to compete in a string of state elections and only barely making it into the national parliament in 2006. […]

The Greens – The Green Alternative

The Greens – The Green Alternative, are Austria’s Green Party. The party was founded in 1984 as the merger of two competing Green parties which had ran in 1983, one more left-wing and one more centre-right. The party on its foundation had a strong anti-establishment edge. Party MPs would turn up to parliament in trainers […]

Freedom Party of Austria

Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ). Austria’s most notorious party was founded in 1955 but can date its roots back to 1848. On its founding the FPÖ’s ideology was a blend of a pan-German nationalist and liberal influences in what was known as ‘national liberalism’. The party was Austria’s perpetual third party and small but only […]

The Social Democratic Party of Austria (SPÖ)

The Social Democratic Party of Austria (SPÖ). Austria’s main centre-left party has been the largest party in Austria and the senior governing coalition partner since 2006. The oldest party in Austria, it was founded in 1888 in then Austro-Hungary. Since 1970 the SPÖ has typically been Austria’s dominant party and the SPÖ even won an […]

Austrian People’s Party (ÖVP)

Austrian People’s Party (ÖVP). The ÖVP is a christian democratic party and Austria’s main party of the centre-right. It is broadly similar to Angela Merkel’s Christian Democratic Union in Germany, though more Catholic and less conservative. The party traces its lineage back to the pre-war Christian Social Party founded in 1891. The party has traditionally […]