Participatory Budgeting podcast: balancing online and offline voting in Antwerp

As part of our work developing the use of digital participatory budgeting (PB) in Scotland, Demsoc is shining a light on some of the innovative ways other people across the world use digital PB. We recently shared a blog post about digital PB in New York City. This time we’re doing things a little differently […]

Christian Social Party

Christian Social Party (CSP). The dominant party, at least in terms of election results, since the German community got its own parliament in 1974, the CSP has yet to come second in a German-community election, though it is currently in opposition to a local coalition of Socialists, Liberals and regionalists. The CSP is a fairly typical […]

Humanist Democratic Centre

Humanist Democratic Centre (cdH). There is perhaps no greater contrast in Belgian politics than the differences between the cdH and its supposed partner, the CD&V. Whereas the CD&V has broadly moved rightwards and become more nationalist in nationalistic, wealthy, Catholic Flanders, the cdH has responded to the more unionist, secular and centre-left atmosphere of Wallonia by changing its […]


ECOLO. ECOLO is the French-speaking Green Party in Belgium. Much stronger than Groen, its Flemish equivalent, ECOLO is capable of winning as much as 20% of the Francophone vote, making it one of the most popular Green parties in the world. ECOLO is a broadly centre-left party, with strong left-liberal credentials. It is currently a junior coalition […]

Reformist Movement

Reformist Movement (MR). The Reformist Movement is the French-speaking community’s liberal party and the main opposition to the Socialists. A broadly centre-right liberal party it has close relations with the VLD and a similar ideology. The MR is in government at a federal level, but the only opposition party in the Walloon regional parliament. Technically the MR is […]

Socialist Party

Socialist Party (PS). The Socialist Party is the French-speaking community’s dominant party. Since the establishment of the Wallonia regional government in 1981 it has only spent three years (between 1985 and 1988) in opposition. Except for the 2007 federal election, when it was briefly eclipsed by the Reformist Movement, the PS has been the largest […]

Libertarian, Direct, Democratic

Libertarian, Direct, Democratic (LDD).  LDD is one of Belgium’s newest parties, set up in 2007 by Jean-Marie Dedecker, formerly a Senator for the VLD before being expelled. LDD began as ‘List Dedecker’ based around his singular personality. LDD’s ideology is modelled around Dedecker’s personality and was broadly a mashing of libertarian and right-wing populist themes. Dedecker’s party […]

Flemish Liberals and Democrats

Flemish Liberals and Democrats (VLD). Before the party split the Party for Freedom and Progress, as the Belgian Liberals were known, was the representative of Belgium’s secular middle classes, generally sitting to the right of the Christian Democrats on economics, but more progressive on social policy. The party took its current name in 1992 in what […]

Groen (Green)

Groen (Green). Groen is Flanders Green party. The party explicitly identifies itself as a centre-left party and sometimes works closely with the SP.A. Groen’s highpoint was the 1999 elections, where it surged after a scandal with pollutants in chicken. It entered government until 2003, when it lost all its seats in parliament. It returned in 2007 […]

New Flemish Alliance

New Flemish Alliance (N-VA).  The New-Flemish Alliance is seemingly Flanders newly dominant party. Created in 2001 from the centre-right faction of the former People’s Union, a broad-based Flemish nationalist party, the N-VA has had a rapid rise to success in Flanders. Only barely winning a single seat in the 2003 federal election the N-VA formed an alliance […]