Luxembourg – EU Parliamentary Elections

Political Background Luxembourg has long orientated itself towards foreign trade deals and alliances. With Belgium and the Netherlands, Luxembourg founded Benelux in 1944, which could be seen as a precursor of the EU. Luxembourg eagerly joined the EU from its foundation in 1951, and was an eager member of the Euro as well. Indeed, the […]

Latvia – EU Parliamentary Elections

Political Background Latvia joined the EU as part of the major ten country expansion of 2004. It is the most recent country to join the Euro, joining on the 1st of January 2014, despite the Eurozone crisis. Like its Baltic neighbours, Estonia and Lithuania, Latvia enjoyed a short period of independence from the Russian Empire […]

Ireland (the Republic of) – EU Parliamentary Elections

Political Background Initially an EFTA member, Ireland joined the EU as part of the first expansion along with the UK (with whom most of its trade was then with) and Denmark. The victim of 800 years of colonialism, repeated invasion, and repression from English, and, subsequently, British Kings, Queens and governments an Irish nationalist movement […]

Hungary – the EU Parliamentary Elections

Political Background Hungary joined the EU in 2004 as part of the mass expansion of that year. Hungary is not a Eurozone member. Ethnic Hungarians, often known as Magyars, are one of the three nations in Europe whose official language is a Finno-Ugric language (rather than the usual Indo-European) along with Finland and Estonia. Magyars […]

Greece – the EU Parliamentary Elections

Political Background Greece joined the EU in 1981 after a successful return to democracy in 1974, and joined the Eurozone in 2001 in controversial circumstances. Perhaps no other European country has seen the radical political changes that Greece has seen since the last European elections in 2009. Greece had been the scene of perhaps the […]

Germany – the EU Parliamentary Elections

Political Background The Federal Republic of Germany, or ‘West Germany’ as it was informally known, was a founding member of the EU. In part early attempts at European Integration were an attempt to tie down post-war Germany into mutual dependency with the rest of Europe. There was also a motivation of guaranteeing that Germany’s economy […]