How effective is the Open Government Partnership? Should the EU get involved?

The OGP is a partnership between national governments and the wider public, working together to develop ways of increasing public participation in government and make government more transparent and accountable. The UK has been involved since 2011, and many other countries in Europe and around the world are too.   So, if this partnership is […]

Social Democratic Party of Estonia (SDE)

Social Democratic Party of Estonia (SDE). The fourth party in the Estonian parliament is the Social Democratic Party. Despite its name the SDE is actually the result of a series of mergers, involving centre-left, agrarian and right-wing parties, the last merger of which led to some commentators bemusedly describing the party as Estonia’s ‘right-wing socialists’. […]

Pro Patria and Res Publica Union (IRL)

Pro Patria and Res Publica Union (IRL). The IRL is the result of a 2007 merger of two conservative parties, the Pro Patria Union and the Res Publica Party. Both of the IRL’s antecedents had previously led Estonian governments but were suffering from low public support and feared that a splintered conservative movement could strengthen […]

Reform Party (RE)

Reform Party (RE). Reform is Estonia’s most successful party. The party has been in every government since 1999, and it has held the Prime Ministership between 2002 and 2003 and since 2005. Its forerunner, the Liberal Democratic Party, was also in government between 1992 and 1995. Reform is a classically liberal and radically pro-market and […]

Indrek Tarand (Independent)

Indrek Tarand (Independent). As part of the constant amending of the European Parliament electoral law Estonia’s parliament, the Riigikogu, instituted a closed list system rather than the open system used in 2004 meaning that parties would have total control over who their MEPs were. Indrek Tarand entered the race as an independent in objection. The […]

Estonian Centre Party (KESK)

Estonian Centre Party (KESK). Despite its name KESK is Estonia’s most left-wing mainstream political party. In reality the name Centre Party does not refer to its position in the classical political spectrum, but on its position within the Estonian Independence movement from which it emerged. KESK’s ideology is rather difficult to discern, and the party […]