Ulster Unionist Party (UUP)

Ulster Unionist Party (UUP). For most of Northern Ireland’s political history it has been dominated by the UUP. Formerly a branch of the Conservative Party, the UUP still most closely resembles the British Conservatives ideologically, with an ideology that is more economically and socially liberal than the harder line DUP. The party ran in electoral […]

Conservative Party

Conservative Party. The Conservative Party is the oldest political party in the world, being founded in 1834, though it can date its history back even further to the ‘Tories’ who formed one of the factions in parliament prior to the arising of organised political parties. The party originates in the royalist aristocracy but eventually became […]

Law and Justice (PiS)

Law and Justice (PiS). Like Civic Platform, PiS emerged from the former Solidarity Electoral Action government. PiS was formed predominantly around the former Centre Agreement party. Like Centre Agreement, the PiS was led by identical twins, the Lech and Jaroslaw Kaczynski. PiS is one of the most socially conservative mainstream political parties in Europe. It […]

ChristianUnion (CU) & Political Reformed Party (SGP)

ChristianUnion (CU) & Political Reformed Party (SGP). This is a joint list of two Christian Orthodox parties. The parties are elements of the infamous Protestant Dutch disposition towards splintered churches. Some of the more Orthodox Protestants disagreed with the ARP and CHU due to theological and ideological differences and hence formed their own parties. Two […]

Alternative Democratic Reform Party (ADR)

Alternative Democratic Reform Party (ADR). Founded in 1987, the ADR began its life as a single-issue party with the snappy title ‘Action Committee 5/6ths Pension for Everyone’. The party demanded the equalisation of private sector pensions with public sector ones (who received a generous pension equivalent to 5/6ths of their final salary). The party’s support […]

Electoral Action of Poles in Lithuania

Electoral Action of Poles in Lithuania (AWPL). The AWPL is a Polish minority party which represents Lithuania’s Polish minority. The party’s main issues are the restoration of land seized from Poles by the Soviet government, the use of Polish in schools, and official recognition of Polish name spellings. In addition to Polish issues it also […]

National Alliance

National Alliance (NA). Like other parties in Latvia, the NA originates in a series of mergers. The two former parties were For Fatherland and Freedom/LNNK, itself a merger between two parties, one nationalist, and one more conservative, and All for Latvia!, a nationalist and allegedly far-right party. For Fatherland and Freedom/LNNK was on the borderline […]

Hungarian Democratic Forum (MDF)

Hungarian Democratic Forum (MDF). The MDF was the winner of Hungary’s first democratic election after the fall of communism in 1990. A conservative party, which, like Fidesz, flirted with nationalism, the party suffered during its first term from the unpopularity of the decisions which had to be made to shift Hungary into a market economy. […]

Alternative for Germany (AfD)

Alternative for Germany (AfD). Founded in 2013 by a group of academics the party’s de facto leader is Bernd Lucke, a political economist at the University of Hamburg. The AfD is a broadly right-leaning, softly Eurosceptic party which is principally opposed to the Euro, and to Eurozone bailouts.  In addition to opposition to the Euro the party desires […]