New Anticapitalist Party (NPA)

New Anticapitalist Party (NPA). A far-left party founded from the more hippieish and modern of France’s Trotskyist parties, the Revolutionary Communist League. The LCR’s Presidential candidate Oliver Besancenot, a charismatic young former postal worker and trade unionist had won more than 4% of the vote in the 2002 and 2007 elections. The party was principally […]

Movement for France (MPF)

Movement for France (MPF). The Movement for France is a right-wing Eurosceptic party founded by Jacques Chirac’s former communications minister, the aristocrat, Phillippe de Villiers. The party claims to be the true heir of Gaullism, with strongly soft Eurosceptic stances and an interventionist economic policy. It cooperates with the UMP in national elections and has […]

Front National (FN)

Front National (FN). France’s most notorious party, the FN is the representative of France’s far-right. France’s far-right can trace its history back to the legitimist tradition, which totally rejected the French Revolution in all its manifestations they desired a return to the Absolute Monarchy of the Ancien Regime. France is rare, in that it has […]

Democratic Movement (MoDem)

Democratic Movement (MoDem), which this year is running in coalition with the Union of Democrats and Independents (UDI). After the formation of the UMP, the Union for French Democracy, the more centrist part of the centre-right was left as a rump. From 112 seats in the National Assembly and 14.2% of the vote in 1997, […]

Europe Ecologie – The Greens (EELV)

Europe Ecologie – The Greens (EELV). Greens have been contesting elections in France since 1974. Greens were principally a minor force until 1993, however, when ecologist parties tried to create a ‘third pole’ for the legislative elections that year, gaining 11.0% of the vote, but failing to win a single seat due to France’s two […]

Socialist Party (PS)

Socialist Party (PS). The Parti Socialiste is France’s major centre-left party. Founded in 1969 as a reorganisation of the earlier French Section of the Worker’s International (SFIO), the PS began as the personal project of Francois Mitterrand, who would later be France’s longest-serving President between 1981 and 1994. For most of the post-war years and […]

Union for a Popular Majority (UMP) and New Centre (NC)/Union of Democrats and Independents (UDI)

Union for a Popular Majority (UMP) and New Centre (NC)/Union of Democrats and Independents (UDI). The French right has long seen the rise and fall of various different parties. Usually these parties have been based around predominant personalities on the right. Charles de Gaulle had his Rally of the French People and then his Union […]