Latvia – EU Parliamentary Elections

Political Background Latvia joined the EU as part of the major ten country expansion of 2004. It is the most recent country to join the Euro, joining on the 1st of January 2014, despite the Eurozone crisis. Like its Baltic neighbours, Estonia and Lithuania, Latvia enjoyed a short period of independence from the Russian Empire […]

Union of Greens and Farmers

Union of Greens and Farmers (ZZS). Like other groups in Latvia, the Union of Greens and Farmers is in reality an electoral alliance of two parties, though unlike others they have never attempted a merger. The Latvian Farmers’ Union and the Green Party of Latvia have been allied since 2002. Agrarian and green issues have […]

National Alliance

National Alliance (NA). Like other parties in Latvia, the NA originates in a series of mergers. The two former parties were For Fatherland and Freedom/LNNK, itself a merger between two parties, one nationalist, and one more conservative, and All for Latvia!, a nationalist and allegedly far-right party. For Fatherland and Freedom/LNNK was on the borderline […]

Latvia’s First Party/Latvian Way

Latvia’s First Party/Latvian Way (LPP/LC). The LPP/LC was formed from a merger of two parties in 2007. Latvian Way was a right-wing party with liberal and conservative factions which, founded in 1993, won a huge election victory in that year. Though it lost more than half its support at the next election, the LC was […]

For Human Rights in United Latvia (PCTVL)

For Human Rights in United Latvia (PCTVL). PCTVL was founded as an electoral alliance of Russian minority parties in 1998, and acted as the predominant representative of Russians until 2006, when the alliance split, resulting in the formation of the Harmony Centre. PCTVL later became a political party. PCTVL is broadly similar to Harmony Centre, […]

Harmony Centre

Harmony Centre. The Harmony Centre is a political alliance shrouded in controversy in Latvia. The alliance is unique in Latvia for two reasons. Firstly it is Latvia’s only parliamentary party to identify as left-of-centre, the rest are all centre-right, or centrist at the most. Secondly, while the alliance is officially open to all Latvians, it […]