Labour Party

Labour Party. The Labour Party is Britain’s dominant centre-left political force. Founded in 1900 out of the trade union movement, to which it has a formal link to this day. The party is responsible for building much of the British welfare state and especially Britain’s universal healthcare system, the NHS. The party has traditionally relied […]

Social Democratic Workers’ Party of Sweden (SAP)

Social Democratic Workers’ Party of Sweden (SAP). The SAP is the most electorally successful centre-left party in world history. It is one of the most successful political parties anywhere in the world. In Europe, only Ireland’s Fianna Fail can claim to have governed more frequently. A behemoth of a party, the party dominated Swedish politics […]

Spanish Socialist Worker’s Party (PSOE)

Spanish Socialist Worker’s Party (PSOE). Spain’s oldest party was founded in 1879. The leading component of the Republican side in the Spanish civil war, it went into exile and underground in 1939 after being banned, it re-emerged with the transition to democracy. Initially the opposition to the vast centrist Democratic Centre Union (which would later […]

Social Democrats (SD)

Social Democrats (SD). The Social Democrats are the descendants of the Slovene branch of the Yugoslav League of Communists. The party emerged as the largest following the first free elections in Slovenia in 1990 but went into opposition as other parties locked it out of power. The party was subsequently surpassed by the Liberal Democracy […]

Direction – Social Democracy (Smer-SD)

Direction – Social Democracy (Smer-SD). Smer is currently Slovakia’s dominant party, controlling a majority of seats in the national parliament. A left-populist party, Smer emerged from a split in the Party of the Democratic Left (PDL), the successor of Slovak’s branch of the Czechoslovak communists. The PDL had been in a controversial anti-Meciar coalition with […]

Social Democratic Party (PSD) & Conservative Party (PC)

Social Democratic Party (PSD) & Conservative Party (PC). The PSD is Romania’s largest party. The heir of the Iliescu faction of the FSN (Iliescu is still the honorary president of the party) the PSD is perhaps the single most powerful centre-left party in all of Eastern Europe. Part of the PSD’s strength is in its […]

Socialist Party (PS)

Socialist Party (PS). The Socialists were founded in 1973, sensing the oncoming return of democracy, with significant aid from the German social democrats. The party won the 1975 election to the constituent assembly and thus had a strong hand in drafting the constitution, it subsequently won the 1976 election as well. The party has been […]

Democratic Left Alliance (SLD) & Labour Union (UP)

Democratic Left Alliance (SLD) & Labour Union (UP). The SLD is the successor of the former Polish Communist Party. A major party in 1990s Poland, the party served as a junior coalition partner to the PSL in 1993, even though it was technically larger, and then ruled from 1997 to 2001. Its second term in […]

Labour Party (PvdA)

Labour Party (PvdA – a literal translation of the party’s name would ‘Party of the Labour’). The Labour Party is the largest centre-left party in the Netherlands and the country’s primary social democratic party. The party was founded in 1946 from a merger of the pre-war Social Democratic Worker’s Party, the left-liberal Free-Thinking Democratic League, […]

Labour Party (PL)

Labour Party (PL).  The Labour Party is Malta’s centre-left party and, since 2013, its governing party. Maltese Labour emerged from the union movement in 1921 (the year of the first legislative elections in Malta). The party has always enjoyed a close relationship with the General Workers Union. While it maintained a presence in parliament, it […]