Spain – EU Parliamentary Elections

Political Background Spain joined the EU in 1986, along with fellow Iberian new democracy Portugal. Spain has been a member of the Euro since its inception. Spanish politics has long been marked by a struggle between the centre and peripheral nationalist movements. When the industrial revolution came to Spain it arrived in peripheral regions such […]


Podemos (literal translation: ‘we can’). Podemos is a new party in its first electoral outing. Founded earlier this year by left-wing academics, the party’s leader is a Spanish political science lecturer, Pablo Iglesias. The party is anti-corruption, supportive of participatory democracy. It is anticapitalist in orientation. The party uses open primaries to select its candidates. […]

European Spring (PE)

European Spring (PE). European Spring is an alliance of multiple left-leaning regionalist parties with the small green party Equo. Along with Equo, a very minor eco-socialist party, the major components of the list are the Compromise Coalition a centre-left coalition of Valencian nationalist parties headed by the Valencian Nationalist Bloc (BNV), and the Aragonese Union, […]

Citizens – Party of the Citizenship (C’s)

Citizens – Party of the Citizenship (C’s). Citizens is a small party predominantly based in Catalonia. It is very similar to the UPyD, in that it primarily objects to Catalan nationalism, and has a left-liberal, secularist slant. Like the UPyD it is a fairly recent formation, founded in 2005. The party is quasi-identical ideologically to […]

Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD)

Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD). The UPyD is the most recent entrant into Spanish national politics, being founded in 2007. The party originates in the Basque country, in anti-ETA organisations. Its key issue is opposition to nationalism, predominantly sub-state nationalism though it also has objections to Spanish nationalism. The party wishes to see Spain become […]

United Left (iU) & Initiative for Catalonia Greens

United Left (iU) & Initiative for Catalonia Greens. The iU is a coalition of far-left parties, predominantly based around the PCE, the Spanish Communist Party. Communism was a major element of the nationalist side in the Spanish Civil War, and, subsequently a major component of the opposition to Franco and the PCE won around 10% […]

Coalition for Europe (CEU)

Coalition for Europe (CEU). The CEU is an electoral alliance of regionalist parties which forms for European elections. The alliance typically contains more centrist and centre-right regionalist parties and this year it contains: Convergence and Union (CiU), which is the dominant Catalan regionalist grouping. CiU has been the largest party in every election, in the […]

Spanish Socialist Worker’s Party (PSOE)

Spanish Socialist Worker’s Party (PSOE). Spain’s oldest party was founded in 1879. The leading component of the Republican side in the Spanish civil war, it went into exile and underground in 1939 after being banned, it re-emerged with the transition to democracy. Initially the opposition to the vast centrist Democratic Centre Union (which would later […]